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The Other Trail of Tears (Hardback)

The Removal of the Ohio Indians

All Westholme

By Mary Stockwell
Imprint: Westholme
Pages: 360
ISBN: 9781594162107
Published: 30th November 2017

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The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was the culmination of the United States' policy to force native populations to relocate west of the Mississippi River. The most well-known episode in the eviction of American Indians in the East was the notorious “Trail of Tears” along which Southeastern Indians were driven from their homes in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to reservations in present-day Oklahoma. But the struggle in the South was part of a wider story that reaches back in time to the closing months of the War of 1812, back through many states—most notably Ohio—and into the lives of so many tribes, including the Delaware, Seneca, Shawnee, Ottawa, and Wyandot (Huron). They, too, were forced to depart from their homes in the Ohio Country to Kansas and Oklahoma. The Other Trail of Tears: The Removal of the Ohio Indians by award-winning historian Mary Stockwell tells the story of this region's historic tribes as they struggled following the death of Tecumseh and the unravelling of his tribal confederacy in 1813. At the peace negotiations in Ghent in 1814, Great Britain was unable to secure a permanent homeland for the tribes in Ohio setting the stage for further treaties with the United States and encroachment by settlers. Over the course of three decades the Ohio Indians were forced to move to the West, with the Wyandot people ceding their last remaining lands in Ohio to the U.S. Government in the early 1850s. The book chronicles the history of Ohio's Indians and their interactions with settlers and U.S. agents in the years leading up to their official removal, and sheds light on the complexities of the process, with both individual tribes and the United States taking advantage of opportunities at different
times. It is also the story of how the native tribes tried to come to terms with the fast pace of change on America's western frontier and the inevitable loss of their traditional homelands.While the tribes often disagreed with one another, they attempted to move toward the best possible future for all their people against the
relentless press of settlers and limited time.

Mary Stockwell's book is both scholarly and clearly written. It is a must read for anyone interested in the progression of injustice and inhumanity inflicted upon the American Indians by our forefathers during the early years of the growing American republic. It was a treat to read this work produced by a female scholar in a field dominated by men. This special book deepened my knowledge and my sadness regarding this tragic period of our American history. These are the stories absent from our American history books used in school.

Amazon Reviewer

This is a very well-written account of a great American tragedy maybe the greatest: the removal of the last Indians in the East to beyond the Mississippi River. This is a story of some Indians who early on recognized they could not remain in Ohio among the growing number of settlers and have any hope of maintaining their identities and then of some who tried their best to become the people US government said they needed to become only to learn that same government said they still must leave.
My own experience in reading this book is I read all the chapters back-grounding events leading to the removal. Then I had to put the book down for
a few days before I could continue. I dreaded what I'd read that much. As I finally got the nerve to continue, some of what I dreaded came to be, but I was at least comforted by the fact that some Americans did try to help the Indians remain or in the final instances when they were forced to depart to at least help them along their way.
I was pleased, too, to read a petition signed by 62 ladies of Steubenville, Ohio, as referenced in this book when the last Wyandots were forced to leave: "We solemnly and honestly appeal, to save this remnant of a much injured people from annihilation, to shield our country from the curses denounced on the cruel and ungrateful, and to shelter the American character from lasting dishonor."
The saddest part, of course, is the plight of the Indians did not end with their removal west of the Mississippi, and, in fact as Ms. Stockwell, notes, it continues today,
This is a good book. I highly recommend it.

Amazon Reviewer
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