The Petlyakov Pe-2 (Kindle)
Stalin's Successful Red Air Force Light Bomber
During the Second World War, the Soviet Union’s Petlyakov Pe-2 Peshka dive-bomber was unique in that it was as fast as most fighter aircraft. This was in a period when it was considered by the RAF that it was impossible for monoplane aircraft to conduct vertical bombing with any degree of success.
During the war the Pe-2 was the principal dive- and light-bomber of Russia’s air power across the vast Eastern Front and it continued in service until the early 1950s with the air forces of the Warsaw Pact countries and Yugoslavia. Conceived by a team of top aircraft designers whom Stalin had incarcerated in a prison camp on trumped-up political charges, the Pe-2 had originally been designed as a high-altitude twin-engine fighter plane, but, due to the outstanding success of the German Stukas in the Blitzkrieg, its role was quickly changed to that of a fast dive-bomber. The Pe-2 arrived in service around the time of the German attack on its hitherto ally.
Although only a handful had reached front line units by the start of Operation Barbarossa in June 1941, the Pe-2 soon became the main dive-bomber in both the Soviet VVS and Naval service. Mass production, by factories hastily moved back beyond the front, meant that numbers increased rapidly, and more than 11,000 of the type, including many variants, were built up to 1945. The Peshka became the mainstay of the Soviet counter-offensive that ultimately resulted in the fall of Berlin. Pe-2s also led the way in the brief but annihilating Manchurian campaign against Japan in the closing days of the war in 1945.
Using official sources, including the official Pe-2 handbook, and numerous colour and black-and-white photographs made available to the author from both official and private sources and collections, this book is the definitive record of the Pe-2 - the dive-bomber supreme!
Peter Smith is well-known for his meticulously researched, comprehensive monologues covering a single aircraft series and its derivatives. The book does not disappoint, covering as it does the development history of the Pe-2 (Peshka), Pe-3 Pe-21 with sub variants and prototypes being fitted neatly into the story. This is not just a dry cataloguing of the aircraft though; the stories of the men and women who flew and fought the Pe-2 feature prominently throughout the book, and a vivid picture emerges of the bureaucratic friction and hazards of taking a largely unskilled workforce to build an advanced light bomber. The Author does not hesitate to highlight the evils of Stalin's Regime or the astounding achievements and blunders that brought the Soviet Union to the verge of collapse, and which helped it survive.Chris Kemp
The Author makes a convincing case for the Pe-2 having being written out of history by the West at the expense of the Shturmovik (sic) as the Peshka's role as a dive bomber was not well understood, and did not accord with the UK's and USA's light bomber philosophy of the time. Against a background of high attrition as the Soviet Union battled conflicting demands on resources, the aftermath of Stalin's purges and the relocation of factories lock stock and barrel further East, The Peshka went on to become a significant contributor to the Soviet Union's victory in the east.
Chapters include camouflage, the role of women pilots, operational deployment of the Pe-2 and it's use in foreign service. The development of operational and tactical use of the airframe as a reconnaissance, fighter, dive bomber and maritime bomber are covered in depth. Modellers will welcome detailed coverage of the appearance of various marks, including descriptions of the cockpit, down to the colour of markings on controls!
This book claims to be a definitive version of the Pe-2, and I have not yet seen a challenger to the title. Highly recommended for anyone with an interest in the Pe-2 or development of operational air power by the Soviet Union in World War Two.
This is an excellent, comprehensive study of one of the most important Soviet aircraft of the Second World War.History of War
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