The Roots of Ireland's Troubles (Kindle)
If the objective of colonisation should be the establishment of economic benefit, in Ireland it was to enforce order. Settlers were required to usurp the traditional lands of its indigenous population. Their attempts to enforce Protestantism in all its forms onto the dogmatically Catholic locality were doomed to failure. With unrest continuing, Ireland became the battleground for the English Civil War fought out between Royalist and Parliamentarian to the detriment of its people.
The availability of cheap Irish labour soon led to calls to protect English agricultural prices. Fears that Irish goods would undercut English production costs led to calls to prevent the development of an Irish industrial revolution, despite the desperate need to employ the surplus rural population. This inevitably led to famine. No one believed the problem which was unfolding despite all the efforts of Nationalist politicians. English land owners in Parliament were only concerned to protect landlord interests and to score points off their political opponents. If home rule could not be delivered by political means, it was inevitable that it would be delivered by force.
Inextricably linked with the history of Britain, Stedall guides the reader through Ireland’s turbulent but rich history. To understand the causes behind the twentieth-century conflict, which continues to resonate today, we must look to the long arc of history in order to truly understand the historical roots of a nation’s conflict.
Venturing where wise men fear to tread Englishman Robert Stedall, educated at Marlborough College and McGill University, opines in the preface to his new book:John D. Reid, Anglo-Celtic Connections blog
"It may seem unfathomable that tempers have continued to run so deep with friction remaining stubbornly close to the surface. Yet the protagonists have been slow to forgive and forget, jeopardizing continuing efforts to secure a lasting peace."
As I write the shooting death of journalist Lyra McKee by dissident republicans in the Creggan area of Londonderry is just the latest episode in that long history.
If like me your knowledge of Irish history had been previously informed by Flanders and Swann "blame it on Cromwell and William the Third" and the famine of the 1840s this lengthy book aims to give a perspective on the deeper historical roots.
Read the rest of the review hre
The author has drawn on a large number of sources to explain in clear terms the essence of the ‘Irish Problem’. He has produced a very readable and direct account of the complex issues at the heart of Anglo-Irish relationships since the Reformation. Interestingly he clarifies the changing relationships between the religious power blocs in Ireland (which were actually very different to the apparently simple Catholic/Protestant stand-off we appear ready to accept today) and draws attention to the central problems of absentee landlords, political greed and a profound refusal of the British Establishment to recognise the problems and solutions.Michael McCarthy
I read the chapter on the Great Famine knowing that my Great, Great Grandfather in County Cork shared the dreadful conditions and privations of his generation (described with such empathy by the Author) before somehow finding the money to emigrate to England. I challenge anybody to read that chapter and be unmoved and indeed, to not be angry on behalf of a people so badly treated.
A totally absorbing book and hugely recommended as essential reading for anybody who wants to better understand Ireland past and present.
Michael McCarthy. Battlefield Guide.