The 'X' stood for experimental, but it might equally have meant extraordinary, exotic or extravagant, as this giant submarine attracted superlatives – the world's largest, most heavily armed, and deepest diving submersible of the day. X.1 was a controversial project conceived behind the backs of the politicians, and would remain an unwanted stepchild. As British diplomats at the Washington naval conference were trying to outlaw the use of submarines as commerce raiders, the Admiralty was designing and building the world's most powerful corsair submarine, to destroy single-handed entire convoys of merchant ships.
This book explores the historical background to submarine cruisers, the personalities involved in X.1's design and service, the spy drama surrounding her launch, the treason trial of a leading RN submarine commander, the ship's chequered career, and her political demise. Despite real technical successes, she would finally fall foul of 'black propaganda', aimed at persuading foreign naval powers that the cruiser submarine did not work; even today uninformed opinion repeats the myth of her failure. However, it was completely ignored by other navies, who went on building submarine cruisers of their own, some larger than, but none so sophisticated as, X.1. The book analyses in detail the submarine cruisers built by the US Navy, the French and the Japanese, plus the projected German copy of X.1, the Type XI U-Boat, paying belated tribute to the real importance of the mysterious X.1.
A very comprehensive and detailed history of the submarine, well-illustrated and with many plans and drawings.The Mariner's Mirror
Grabs the reader's attention from the start.Nautical Research Journal
As the author so able demonstrates, at the time of her completion X.1 was the worlds largest, most heavily armed and deepest-diving submersible of its day.MARINE NEWS
The illustrations include fourteen detailed drawings of interiors of the X.1 that have better detail than any photograph, and the numerous plans and drawings give the reader a thorough visual description of this unusual... [read full review]RPS
Naval operations in World War Two began on the first day of the conflict and continued until the September 3, 1945, surrender ceremony on the battleship USS Missouri (BB-63). These operations were a complex... [read full review]Warships International US
With all of the books published on warships and naval operations during the Twentieth Century, most new books are talking another look at a subject covered many times before by other authors. Then occasionally, a... [read full review]Firetrench
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The History of the British U Class Submarine
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About Roger Branfill-Cook
ROGER BRANFILL-COOK is a professional translator from French into English specialising in historical and military works, and a qualified battlefield guide. He has written numerous articles for specialist magazines and is both a novelist and an author of non-fiction books.