Major-General Lord Edward Gleichen was a British courtier and soldier. He was the only son of Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, a half-nephew of Queen Victoria. He joined the Grenadier Guards in 1881 and gradually rose through the ranks, eventually becoming a Major General.
He was Sudan agent in Cairo from 1901 to 1903, then Military Attach to Berlin from 1903 to 1906. He and Kaiser Wilhelm II fell out, and Gleichen was sent to be Military Attach in Washington D.C. from 1906 1907. He was then Assistant Director of Military Operations from 1907 to 1911. He served the Great War, commanding the 15th Brigade from 19111915, and then the 37th Division from 19151916.