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RAF WWII Operational and Flying Accident Casualty Files in The National Archives (Hardback)

Exploring their Contents

WWII Aviation Aviation in WWII Colour Books Royal Air Force

By Mary Hudson, Foreword by Sebastian Cox
Imprint: Air World
Pages: 328
Illustrations: 16 colour & 84 black and white illustrations
ISBN: 9781526783523
Published: 29th October 2020



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At its height during the Second World War, the RAF totalled 185,000 personnel. Men and women, from home and overseas, served alongside members of Dominion Air Forces, and those members of the air forces of occupied Europe who had escaped to fight on. All are covered in the RAF casualty files. The heaviest losses were suffered by the aircrews; in Bomber Command alone some 75,000 were killed, wounded or captured. All information concerning casualties was carefully compiled at the Air Ministry and now, from these the official records, those covering operational losses (in the air and on the ground), and flying accidents are being made available to the public through The National Archives.

This huge collection of casualty files contains a wealth of contemporary documentation from a variety of sources including captured German records. The fascinating insight into the fate of casualties provided by the Casualty Files includes official documents, examples of which are given, accounts of searches undertaken to establish the fate of the missing, places of burial, copies of information received from the International Red Cross and from sources within enemy occupied lands, as well as letters from family and friends some of which reveal dark secrets of bigamy, adultery, illegitimacy, debt and dishonour.

In this ground-breaking book Mary Hudson has used her expert knowledge to provide an invaluable guide to the understanding of these records for use by researchers and family members alike. She takes the reader on a journey through the files, explaining when and how the RAF Casualty Branch (who opened and maintained the files) was formed, where the information held in the records originated, as well as providing an understanding of the documents themselves and explanation of matters the records refer to.

A very interesting book and covers an aspect of the war that has hardly been touched by other writers or historians. it demonstrates that despite the many different war fronts there was that effort to record the details of the deceased which must have been some comfort for their relatives and loved ones. I found of particular interest the investigation of the deaths of aircrew that had been captured and subsequently murdered by the Gestapo and Hitler youth fanatics and what efforts were made to bring them to justice.

Brian Stafford, North Coates Flying Club

There can be very few as well qualified as the author to explain the processes and procedures for RAF casualty handling, tracing the missing, identifying the dead and the information available in the files to assist the researcher held by The National Archives (TNA). The wife of an RAF pilot Mary Hudson served in the WRAF then RAF and, armed with an MA in War Studies from King’s College, on leaving the RAF she joined the MOD’s Air Historical Branch (AHB) where for fourteen years she was responsible for investigating historic RAF casualty enquiries on behalf of the MOD, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and others. As such she gained a detailed and intimate knowledge of TNA and other sources of information relating to RAF casualties. The TNA have now made available to the public the vast quantity of official files relating to the RAF’s operational losses, in the air and on the ground which draw information from a variety of RAF, Red Cross and German records. Indeed some files include original family letters of enquiry and background. However, locating, collating and interpreting the various strands of information the files contain can defeat all but the most experienced researcher. Mary Hudson navigates the reader on a journey through the original RAF Casualty Branch files, and all the other available sources of information relating to RAF wartime casualties, and very clearly explains what information each source may be reveal and how to interpret the jargon and abbreviations they contain which for many casual researchers proves completely impenetrable. This fascinating and ground breaking book will be of immense value to experienced and novice researchers alike and of great interest to all with an interest in the process of personnel record keeping which, to this day, seeks to ensure no stone is left unturned to determine the fate of fallen servicemen. Most highly recommended.

Military Historical Society

It is packed with interesting and useful information, and is must for anyone using AIR81 and/or researching RAF casualties more generally. As someone who has also routinely used the Casualty Files for many years at AHB(RAF), I can perhaps say no more than this: I have learned some very useful things from this book.

RAF Historical Society, Journal 76

Mary Hudson has used her expert knowledge to compose a guide for use by researchers and family members of RAF casualties. The books helps to understand when and how these files were created, where the information came from and how to define the information in the records. It is an indispensable guide for people who are researching an RAF casualty file for the first time, but even for the more experienced researchers (I had studied more than 100 files myself before reading the book) the book can be extremely helpful whilst researching an RAF casualty file or to understand the work of the RAF Casualty Branch.

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Traces of War

Review by Graham Pitchfork

This is a fascinating book to read and it illustrates the dedication of the teams who handled the difficult issues of death and the missing in a very compassionate and dedicated manner. In addition to its narrative, this book is an excellent guide, which is a valuable help to understanding and researching the files held at The National Archives. For RAF collectors and researchers, it is a must and is very highly recommended.

Journal of The Orders and Medals Research Society

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Website of the Royal Aeronautical Society

Review by Philip Styles

An intriguing work bringing the fruits of many years of inside experience into the hands of those trying to find the missing piece in the jigsaw of a family tree or any RAF historian.

The Shackleton Association

This is a superb book, and it covers exactly what its title says – Operational and Flying casualty records.

This excellent book is a very welcome addition to my personal library and undoubtedly it will help me significantly when researching RAF personnel. I am confident that it should also be on your bookshelf if you are interested in any way regarding RAF flying / operational losses. The author has done a splendid job in writing this guide and her efforts must be highly commended.

Dr Stuart C Blank

RAF WWII Operational and Flying Accident Casualty Files of the National Archive of RAF personnel. The biggest casualties turned out to be from Bomber Command who had over 75,000 killed, wounded or captured. These files contain a huge wealth of information from various resources to do with casualty numbers including places such as the Red Cross, letters from family, friends and even German records. The expert Mary Hudson is the ideal person to do this books as she has the background in both the RAF and the WRAF to help take people through the records which she has done for 14 years. This book looks at the creation of the Casualty branch, how to use it for non-members and various bits of interest that have been discovered.

I must admit that I love this type of book as your basically creating a book from numbers and information that need finding from mainly first hand sources of information. Quite often you come across gems of information that are just sat there waiting to be discovered. This is a fascinating book that walks you through the progress of how the RAF go about collecting and collating the information when trying to report about personnel and casualties. All the processes are great to read about, and the files, notes, appendices are all laid out in the book towards the back. Another great book about using primary sources. Although this might be a niche subject to most, it’s a very interesting read.

5 stars

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UK Historian

Mary Hudson's connection to the RAF goes back 50 years, and this labour of love will be an important addition to many a bookshelf, particularly as we build up the countdown to the 100th anniversary of the start of the second world war.

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Paul Nixon

Mary Hudson could hardly have a better background for explaining this important resource for researchers of RAF history... Having written this review, I am putting Mary Hudson’s book in an easily accessible position in my collection.

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British Modern Military History Society, review by Geoff Simpson

About Mary Hudson

Brought up in Cambridge, MARY HUDSON’s connection with the RAF began in 1970 when she married an RAF pilot. After attending university as a mature student she joined the WRAF in 1983 and in so doing became the first married WRAF officer with children. In 1994, when the WRAF merged fully with the RAF, she was 'rebranded' as an RAF officer. Whilst with the RAF Mary gained an MA in War Studies from King’s College, London. On leaving the RAF, Mary spent 14 years as specialist civil servant with the MOD’s Air Historical Branch. She was deeply involved with historic RAF casualty enquiries.

About Sebastian Cox

Sebastian Cox, OBE, BA, MA, FRHistS, Head of the MoD Air Historical Branch

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