The Petrol Navy (Hardback)
British, American and Other Naval Motor Boats at War 1914 – 1920
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On the outbreak of war in 1914, the Royal Navy found it required more small craft than it possessed to carry out minesweeping, anti-submarine patrols and coastal defence. This led to the formation of an auxiliary force of civilian vessels, including motor pleasure boats and yachts, relatively new types of craft powered by the internal combustion engine. The inclusion of these vessels came about when a group of motor boat owners suggested to the Admiralty that their vessels could play an important role in the defence of Britain. The result was the formation of the Royal Naval Motor Boat Reserve (RNMBR) in 1912.
By mid-1915, the demands of naval duty had proved too much for these quirky craft. A meeting in the USA led to their replacement by American-designed Elco motor launches (MLs), of which 550 were purchased, and these Elco launches gave great service for the rest of the war, usually officered by RNVR personnel who won three Victoria Crosses. In addition to the Elcos, in 1915 some naval officers developed the hydroplaning coastal motor boats (CMBs), which served with equal distinction in the latter part of the war. Post-war, both types saw valuable service in the occupation of the Rhineland and in the Baltic campaign, where three more VCs were won.
Other countries adopted similar craft. In Italy, the MAS torpedo motor craft achieved fame and success. And in France, MLs supplied by Britain, and by Elco, played their part. Germany too utilised small motor vessels, including the torpedo-armed Luftschiffmotorboote and Fernlenkboot remotely controlled designs. And when America entered the war, she built a fleet of so-called ‘sub chasers’, wooden-built and designed to counter U-boats along her East Coast.
The Petrol Navy tells the stirring story of these motor-driven boats at war, of their development and operations and of the many colourful characters who were their captains and crew. It will acquaint historians and enthusiasts with an important and previously untold aspect of the naval war, and will engross those with a more general interest in the First World War.
The structure of the book is logical and accessible, packed with detail, and is delivered with this writer’s customary crisp, lucid and erudite style. The introduction, concluding chapters and impressive list of sources add much value, as do the appendices and the excellent detailed plans of the key vessels. The photographs are well chosen, clear and relevantly seeded throughout the text. The production quality is excellent, and all in all this book represents excellent value in all senses."The Mariner's Mirror - The International Quarterly Journal of the Society For Nautical Research - Volume 109:4
‘This is a thoroughly enjoyable read from one of the best researchers and writers on WW1 British naval history’.Warships International Fleet Review, October 2023
This well-written book is an important addition to the naval history of World War I. It is highly recommended to anyone interested in small military boats or naval history in general.Roads to the Great War
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"The Petrol Navy is a sharply focused, remarkably clear and comprehensive account of this little known aspect of the First World War which at long last fills a gap in our knowledge. Most highly recommended."Military Historical Society Bulletin
"It makes for an entertaining and more personal account of the fighting."The Armourer – August 2023
‘This well-written book is an important addition to the naval history of World War I. It is highly recommended to anyone interested in small military boats or naval history in general’.Peter L. Belmonte, Roads to the Great War
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"I thoroughly enjoyed this book and recommend it highly for all those interested in naval history and marine technological developments."Australian Naval Institute
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