The Pioneering Life of Mary Wortley Montagu (Hardback)
Scientist and Feminist
In the press!
As featured in Stylist magazine's 'Best new books for March 2021: from fiction to memoirs'.
300 years ago, in April 1721, a smallpox epidemic was raging in England. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu knew that she could save her 3-year-old daughter using the process of inoculation. She had witnessed this at first hand in Turkey, while she was living there as the wife of the British ambassador. She also knew that by inoculating - making her daughter the first person protected in the West - she would face opposition from doctors, politicians and clerics. Her courageous action eventually led to the eradication of smallpox and the prevention of millions of deaths.
But Mary was more than a scientific campaigner. She mixed with the greatest politicians, writers, artists and thinkers of her day. She was also an important early feminist, writing powerfully and provocatively about the position of women.
She was best friends with the poet Alexander Pope. They collaborated on a series of poems, which made her into a household name, an ‘It Girl’. But their friendship turned sour and he used his pen to vilify her publicly.
Aristocratic by birth, Mary chose to elope with Edward Wortley Montagu, whom she knew she did not love, so as to avoid being forced into marrying someone else. In middle age, her marriage stale, she fell for someone young enough to be her son - and, unknown to her, bisexual. She set off on a new life with him abroad. When this relationship failed, she stayed on in Europe, narrowly escaping the coercive control of an Italian conman.
After twenty-two years abroad, she returned home to London to die. The son-in-law she had dismissed as a young man had meanwhile become Prime Minister.
Fascinating read…NetGalley, Diane Radtke
I had no idea who this person was before picking up this book but I’m so glad her story was told. So many different and fascinating aspects to this woman’s life. She was a mother and a wife. A crusader. A writer. A feminist. A pioneer in so many different ways, a feminist definitely. A lay scientist might be more accurate (in my opinion)…
She pushed and cajoled, so in many ways the diplomat that her husband was. She believed that smallpox was a disease that could be managed if not cured and devoted so much of her life to convincing those around her of the same. And all this in a time where women were still very much in the shadow of their male counterparts. She was of the aristocracy so she was given more leeway than perhaps others may be been given, but I admire her for the many envelopes she pushed. She used that status to her advantage as she mixed and mingled with the important figures of her time. She was not a perfect person and I appreciate the balance the author brought to her story. She wasn’t an unflawed mother or the ideal partner but led a life of truth to herself and her beliefs.
A great read and one that has me looking for more about (for me) this influential person…
Article: Meet Britain's first vaccinatorThe Daily Telegraph
As featured by
I first remember learning about Mary Wortley Montagu in a university English course, although I only got a sampling of her work and didn’t think to go deeper into her impact. However, this book provides a great overview of her life and contributions, including the one I didn’t realize she was known for: introducing the smallpox vaccine to Europe. She had a colorful life, including a loveless marriage, a love affair with an Italian, and a writing career that led to her association with other writers of the day, like Alexander Pope. I feel like this serves as a fairly thorough starting point for someone who knows next to nothing like I did, but also will satisfy those who may know a bit more.NetGalley, Courtney Tonokawa
Listed in ‘Books & Podcasts: This Month’s Best Historical Reads and Listens’History Revealed, April 2021
As featured ‘On The Bookshelf’BBC History Magazine, April 2021
Review by Juanita CoulsonThe Lady, March 2021
TV producer Jo Willett has crafted an engaging biography that brings her subject to life.
The incredible life story of Lady Mary Wortley, this is a woman who battled doctors, politicians and clerics 300 years ago to give her three-year-old daughter an inoculation against smallpox (after seeing it first-hand in Turkey). She also wrote poetry with Alexander Pope and avoided an unwanted marriage by eloping, only to enter into a disastrous affair with a much younger man before escaping back to England. If you love history and biographies, you’ll have a lovely time with this.Stylist
Read the full review here
Rating: 5 out of 5 starsNetGalley, Brenda Carleton
What a fascinating person Mary Wortley Montagu was! Born in England in 1869 she was always unusual, clever, intellectual and independent. She is particularly known for her advancement of the smallpox inoculation (engrafting) but this book details so much more, too. She was an international traveler, author, women's rights advocate, mother and was associated with the likes of Voltaire, Alexander Pope and Henry Fielding, her cousin.
Mary did not marry for love...she did not marry her "paradise" but instead her "limbo". However, in her mind this enabled her to do whatever she liked. She and her husband spent much of their physical and emotional lives apart. When living in Turkey engrafting was successful and common and Mary was the first to inoculate her child in the West. Understandably, many did not trust it and this resulted in deaths. She would use every tiny drop from smallpox pus and scratch little cuts into skin and introduce the pus into the cuts. About five days later the person got ill but then felt much better and did not get smallpox again.
Mary may have been extremely privileged but her life was not easy. Her two children were basically estranged for years, her sister spent ages in a mental asylum and she had a few rocky relationships, especially with Alexander Pope which ended in disaster. She fell in love with a much younger Italian as well. Her heart swooned when she first saw Venice...I can relate to this as a frequent traveler to Italy. She spent time in France, too.
Nonfiction and History readers, do read this well-written and thoroughly-researched book on a remarkable woman, not always likeable but always interesting. The sheer amount of information is vast! I learned so much and am grateful for this new knowledge base.
Mary Wortley Montagu is best known today for introducing smallpox vaccination into western Europe after discovering its practice in Turkey when her husband was British ambassador there. But she was much more. She was a capable writer, a friend (and enemy) of Alexander Pope and other leading writers of the first half of the 18th century, a believer in the abilities of women in an age of widespread male chauvinism, a woman who travelled across Europe in times of war... A marriage entered into by elopement turned relatively loveless, and her last decades were spent apart from her husband. In middle age she had a passionate relationship with a much younger bisexual Italian who used his good looks to advance his interests. In later life she was exploited for some years by an Italian swindler. A wayward son was a constant problem.NetGalley, Michael Cayley
This book depicts her colourful life well. Within a broad chronological framework most chapters are focused thematically - on a particular aspect of her life in a given period, for instance her literary endeavours and interactions, or a particular relationship. This means some darting back and forth in time but also makes for a more coherent account than a strict chronological approach would.
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