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Victory at Gallipoli, 1915 (Hardback)

The German-Ottoman Alliance in the First World War

Military WWI > Battles & Campaigns > Gallipoli WWI > By Year > 1915

By Klaus Wolf, Translated by Thomas P Iredale
Imprint: Pen & Sword Military
Pages: 384
Illustrations: 111 B&W illustrations & 13 colour maps
ISBN: 9781526768162
Published: 16th April 2020



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The German contribution in a famous Turkish victory at Gallipoli has been overshadowed by the Mustafa Kemal legend. The commanding presence of German General Liman von Sanders in the operations is well known. But relatively little is known about the background of German military intervention in Ottoman affairs.

Klaus Wolf fills this gap as a result of extensive research in the German records and the published literature. He examines the military assistance offered by the German Empire in the years preceding 1914 and the German involvement in ensuring that the Ottomans fought on the side of the Central Powers and that they made best use of the German military and naval missions.

He highlights the fundamental reforms that were required after the battering the Turks received in various Balkan wars, particularly in the Turkish Army, and the challenges that faced the members of the German missions.

When the allied invasion of Gallipoli was launched, German officers became a vital part of a robust Turkish defence – be it at sea or on land, at senior command level or commanding units of infantry and artillery. In due course German aviators were to be, in effect, founding fathers of the Turkish air arm; whilst junior ranks played an important part as, for example, machine gunners. This book is not only their missing memorial but a missing link in understanding the tragedy that was Gallipoli.

"A particularly impressive addition to the book is an alphabetized list of German officers who served with Ottoman forces between 1914 and ’16."

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Klaus Wolf has produced a very worthy addition to the Gallipoli Historiography and this work should grace the bookshelves of anyone with a deep interest in the campaign.

Martin Willoughby, Chairman of the Wessex Branch of the Western Front Association

An interesting book that helps us uncover the most important secrets of the campaign.

Read the full Spanish review here

Miniaturas JM

I want to say right from the beginning this book is a stonker, there is so much information and research that has gone into this book by the author Klaus Wolf, a huge amount of credit should go to him. I remember doing about Gallipoli at school but the teacher wasn’t that great, but now having read this book it has filled in a number of blanks and reasons. Especially as this book is written through all the research about the German side of events. Whilst this is a well written book and it is very comprehensive, it’s one of those books you need to take your time to read due to the amount of research in the book. I’ve learnt more about the men, the forces, the campaign strategy and how things were reacted to and also the politics about things especially from a German perspective. A comprehensive read, if you want info from the German viewpoint, this is the book for you. The photographs, diagrams, tables in the book are fantastic and I can really recommend this book.

5 stars

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UK Historian

Seeing historic events from ‘the other side of the wire’ is essential, so this excellent book delivers the background and details of the German involvement at Gallipoli. From the earliest efforts by Von Moltke to improve the Ottoman Army structure, the diplomatic adventures of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, through to the commitment of men and materials, this is a vital aid to fully understanding the German commitment to Turkey. The author delivers in fine detail, supported by excellent appendices and notes, the role of officers and men in the defence of the Dardanelles. It becomes clear that whilst small numbers of Germans were engaged at Gallipoli their contribution to the Turkish defence was essential and critical to it’s success. This is particularly true in the restructuring of armament and munition capacity, artillery control and the effective deployment of German machine guns. All of these were augmented by German experience of positional warfare already learnt on the Western Front. Overall, it is a key lesson on the importance of maximising force where it is most productive to achieve the desired outcome. That the Gallipoli landings failed to progress beyond the beachheads is proof of the German contribution. At a tactical level, and at critical times, the Germans made a difference. Today it is overshadowed by the post war Turkish propaganda that still prevails but this book gives proper value to the German effort. Good images and maps add value to this important volume.
Michael McCarthy. Battlefield Guide

Michael McCarthy

About Klaus Wolf

Colonel Klaus Wolf's military career in the Bundeswehr has taken him to Turkey on two postings. In the first of these, between 2002 and 2006, he took advantage of his contacts and access to research material to examine the military cooperation between Turkish and German forces during the lead up to the war and then, in particular, at Gallipoli 1915. This book (originally published in German in 2008 and in Turkish in 2015) is the outcome of that work.

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