100 Years War: Crecy 1346 (DVD)
Click here to find out more about the Battle of Crécy and the Hundred Years War in this free article by Warfare
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On 11 July 1346 the Anglo/Welsh army of Edward III started to disembark in the bay at St Vaast in the Cotentin Peninsula. In a period of 12 months this army won 3 major battles Caen, Blanchtaque and Crecy and captured Calais, which would remain in English hands until 1558 a thorn in the side of France. This campaign was the first major chapter in the story of the Anglo-French conflict that was later called the 100 years War.
This campaign is not only notable for the military victories of Edward and his army but for the way it reshaped warfare on the continent, the English arrived as a major military player on the international stage of medieval Europe. The strategy of “Chevauchee” employed by Edward's army whilst not being completely new was utilised in an intelligent and controlled manner to bring the French to battle. This strategy on land was combined with maritime operations to negate French sea power and to remove the threat of Norman piracy to southern England.
Once the French were brought to battle Edward's Army, consisting in the main of yeoman archers and infantry, was able to beat and destroy the French Army consisting mainly of nobles by a combination of leadership, tactics, discipline, courage and technology (The Long Bow). This campaign set the scene and the tenor of the next 500 years of English victories over the French.
In this programme, the BHTV team use their experience as soldiers and guides to bring this iconic campaign to life. The team examines the political, military and economic background to the campaign and brings the subject to life by visits to all the major locations, skilful use of maps and complimented by re-enactment footage and vignettes of life and combat in 1346.
Ten Years after the English victory in Crecy an Anglo/Gascon Army led by Edward of Woodstock, The Prince of Wales, won a great victory at Poitiers on 19 September 1356. Once again a French Army was decimated by the despised English but what made this victory different was not only the capture of the French King, John II, but the fact that was a victory won by all arms, not just the longbow. In the 10 years since Crecy the Black Death had ravaged Europe and England in particular. As a result there had been a halt to hostilities between the two countries. In the respite the French King carried out…By Battlefield History TV
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