Haig's Tower of Strength (ePub)
General Sir Edward Bulfin – Ireland's Forgotten General
Former Brigadier and author John Powell talks about his biography of General Sir Edward Bulfin on the Mentioned in Dispatches by the Western Front Association with Dr Tom Thorpe. Click here to download and listen to this episode via iTunes.
As featured by The Irish Times: Haig’s ‘tower of strength’ – An Irishman’s Diary on Sir Edward Bulfin
This is the first biography of General Sir Edward Bulfin, who rose to high rank, despite his Irish Catholic birth and close nationalist relations. Not only that but, by the outbreak of the Great War, Bulfin was a brigade commander never having attended Sandhurst, Staff College or commanded a battalion.
In his early career, he was a protégé of Sir William Butler, a fellow Irishman, and earned his spurs in the Boer War. In 1914 Haig found him a 'tower of strength', helping to save the day at First Ypres. Seriously wounded at the height of the battle, Bulfin, on recovery, was given 28th Division, which he led through Second Ypres and Loos. Unable to get on with Gough, he was sent home to raise 60th London Division, taking it to France, Salonika and Egypt where Allenby chose him to command a corps. His success against the Turks at Gaza, Jerusalem and Megiddo justified Allenby's confidence.
Despite ruthlessly crushing an uprising in post-war Egypt, Bulfin refused Churchill's order to command the police against his fellow Irishmen in 1920.
A private man, Bulfin left few letters and no papers. The author is to be congratulated on piecing together this fascinating biography of an enigmatic figure, who deserves to be better known, both in Britain and Ireland.
Brigadier Powell is somewhat overly modest in his epilogue, hoping that he has filled a gap in the historiography. Given that Bulfin left no papers in public or private, save some diaries, this reviewer would say that this is not merely a work that fills a gap, but is a necessary biography which adds considerably to the record and also serves as a model for other biographers. He has avoided the most tempting of traps – overidentification with and sympathy for his subject. It is balanced and analytical, yet showing that Bulfin was a man of principle, a fine field commander and to be admired on many levels.Society of Friends of the National Army Museum
His biographer has done his subject and historians a great service.
Publicity for 5th of April talk with John Powell @ the NAM as featured byThe Armourer, May 2019
Unfortunately like some other senior officers, including Plumer, Bulfin left few diaries or papers. Consequently, as General the Lord Richard Dannatt notes in his foreword, this makes Powell's book a 'triumph'.Stand To! Journal of the Western Front Association
As featured onDispatches Podcast of the Western Front Association
As referenced in article on Haig's anti-CatholicismThe Catholic Herald, 9 November 2018
Whenever I read the word 'Forgotten' in the title of a military history, I shudder with a dose of cynicism at its overuse in recalling long ago generals and battles. In this instance, however, John Powell - a retired British Army brigadier - is quite correct to do so in this fine and refreshing biography of General Sir Edward Bulfin, GOC XXI Corps under Allenby in Palestine.Australian Army Journal
John Powell has done Bulfin and us a great service in bringing this little known general of the Great War to our attention. It is a most worthy addition to the historiography of the war, and one hopes he will do more in filling the gap in our knowledge of the lesser known generals who commanded at brigade, divisional and corps level.
Rising from command of the 2nd Brigade at First Ypres, where he was seriously wounded on 1st November, Bulfin was appointed GOC of the 28th Division in early 1915 in France and found himself relieved of command as a consequence of standing up to Gough over the latter’s impossible demands. Some may consider that Bulfin was a scapegoat but no one can deny that following a long and extremely costly week in front of Loos during his Division lost 146 officers and 3,230 men almost one third of the infantry strength of the Division. Back in UK Bulfin was then tasked with raising the 60th London Division which he commanded at Vimy in 1916 and in Salonika and Egypt. He was chosen by Allenby to command XX1 Corps which he led with success at the capture of Gaza, Jerusalem and Megiddo. This is a fascinating and important biography by Brigadier John Powell, who like Bulfin was Colonel of the Green Howards, which fills a big gap in our understanding of this very private and proud Irishman about whom Allenby wrote: “There is no one I would rather have as a colleague in battle; no one I would less like to have as an opponent.”Military Historical Society
John Powell has done Bulfin and us a great service in bringing this little known general of the Great War to our attention. It is a most worthy addition to the historiography of the war, and one hopes he will do more in filling the gap in our knowledge of the lesser known generals who commanded at brigade, divisional and corps level.Amazon Customer
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As featured in 'First Flush'Books Ireland, November/December 2018
As featured inThe Irish Times 7/9/18