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Kidnapping the Enemy (Hardback)

The Special Operations to Capture Generals Charles Lee and Richard Prescott

Military > Westholme

By Christian M McBurney
Imprint: Westholme
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9781594161834
Published: 4th February 2014



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On the night of December 12, 1776, while on a reconnaissance mission in New Jersey, Lieutenant Colonel William Harcourt and Cornet Banastre Tarleton of the British dragoons learned from loyalist informers that Major General Charles Lee, the second-in-command in the Continental army behind only George Washington, was staying at a tavern at nearby Basking Ridge. Gaining valuable information as they rode by threatening captured American soldiers with death if Lee's whereabouts was not revealed, Harcourt and Tarleton, surrounded the tavern, and after a short but violent struggle, captured him. The dragoons returned through a hostile country by a different route, arriving safely at their British post at New Brunswick with their quarry in hand. With Lee's capture, the British were confident the rebellion would soon be over.

Stung by this “special operation,” the Americans decided to respond in what would be one of the most daring raids of the war. On the dark night of July 10, 1777, Lieutenant Colonel William Barton led a hand-picked party in whaleboats across Narragansett Bay—carefully avoiding British navy ships—to New Port, Rhode Island. Although the town was occupied by more than 3,000 Redcoats, after landing Barton led his men up a hidden path and stealthily hurried to a farmhouse where General Richard Prescott had taken to spending nights. Surrounding the house, they forced open the doors and seized the sleeping Prescott, as well as his aide-de-camp and a sentry, and then quickly returned to their waiting boats. Despite British artillerymen firing rockets and cannon, and being chased by the British vessels, the bold band of Americans reached the mainland safely. Not only had Barton kidnapped a British major general who could be exchanged for Lee, he had removed from action a man who had gained a reputation for his harsh treatment of American patriots.

In Kidnapping the Enemy: The Special Operations to Capture Generals Charles Lee and Richard Prescott, Christian M. McBurney relates the full story of each of these remarkable raids, the subsequent exchange of the two generals, and how these kidnappings had important effects on the course of the Revolutionary War. He then follows the subsequent careers of the major players, including Lee, Barton, Prescott, and Tarleton. The author completes his narrative with descriptions of other attempts to kidnap high-ranking military officers and government officials during the war. The low success rate of these operations makes the raids that captured Lee and Prescott even more impressive.

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About Christian M McBurney

Christian M McBurney, a graduate of Brown University, is a partner in a Washington, DC, law firm. He is the author of several books and articles on early Rhode Island history, including A History of Kingston, Rhode Island,
1700–1900 and British Treatment of Prisoners During the Occupation of Newport, 1776–1779.

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