Secret Service in the Cold War (ePub)
An SIS Officer from Philby to the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Balkans
The Second World War had been won, but relationships between the Western allies and the Soviet Union were becoming increasingly strained, as the nuclear arms race made world peace precarious. It was vital that Britain knew the Soviets’ intentions and military capabilities, both offensive and defensive. As a Military Attaché in Sofia, and Commandant of an Intelligence Centre in the Balkans, it was SIS officer Colonel John Sanderson’s job to find out.
Sanderson handled agents who operated secretly behind the Iron Curtain at the height of the Cold War and organised hidden arms depots for stay-behind agents in case of a Red Army invasion. Based on Sanderson’s letters and personal accounts of his time with MI4 and MI6, we learn how he was sent to observe sessions of the Paris UNO Security Council in 1948 and to recruit émigrés for infiltration behind the Iron Curtain, into Communist Bulgaria. Fluent in French and Bulgarian, in 1949 Captain Sanderson was posted to Sofia as a Press Attaché with diplomatic immunity, reporting on the Communist show trials. Colonel Sanderson returned there twelve years later as the Military, Naval and Air Attaché. In 1961, having been tasked by London with photographing the latest MIG fighter, he was driven at night to Sofia airport’s perimeter by a CIA colleague. Closely followed by the Bulgarian secret police, he parachute-rolled, unobserved, out of the car with his camera. Arrested at daylight, he escaped to the border and drove across Europe, still pursued by the ruthless Bulgarian Security Services.
John Sanderson’s early service life was equally challenging, from helping defend Britain’s coastline in 1940, picking up shot-down pilots around Dover on a motorbike during the Battle of Britain, to fighting the Japanese in the Burmese and Indian jungles, before returning to London to join the Secret Intelligence Services. In parallel with Sanderson’s SIS career, living with Russian émigrés in Paris, posted to SIS headquarters in the Berlin Olympic stadium, and later working together in the Intelligence Division of NATO headquarters Paris during the Cuban Missile Crisis, was his SIS friend RAF Squadron Leader John Aldwinckle, a veteran of SOE wartime operations in Halifax bombers. All Aldwinckle’s agents were betrayed by the traitor George Blake, as were all Sanderson’s by Kim Philby.
In John Sanderson’s biography we get the detailed inside story of the Berlin Air Lift, the Suez Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the fall of the Berlin Wall. We see the results of Philby and Blake’s treachery and the effects which the courageous actions of the two ‘Olegs’, the Russian Colonels Penkovsky and Gordievsky, had on the international politics of Khrushchev, Kennedy, Gorbachev, Thatcher and Reagan – and the consequences their decisions had for the course of world history.
For over thirty years, John Sanderson worked for the British Secret Services – with his last mission, aged 74, as exciting as his first, being helicoptered into Sarajevo with an SAS team at the height of the Balkan War.
Myles Sanderson’s debut book is both a homage to his late father Colonel John Sanderson and a keyhole view of a British military family at war, from World War Two through the Cold War to the rekindled Balkan Civil Wars of the 1990s. Born in Britain but raised in India until the age of eight, John Sanderson was the son of a decorated WW1 Australian tunnelling commander who would later be consulted by Churchill whilst directing repairs to the London Underground during the Blitz. Sanderson joined the Territorial Army as war loomed. During the Battle of Britain, he rode a motorcycle around Kent, intervening to save shot-down German pilots from angry farmers. He had to save a number of Polish RAF flyers too, mistaken for Germans. Commissioned into the Indian Army, he fought with a Sikh rifle regiment in the 1942-43 Arakan Campaign in Burma before transferring to the 152nd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, which was part of 50th (India) Parachute Brigade. Sanderson was lucky enough to survive the grim and oft-overlooked Battle of Sangshak in 1944. Sangshak was as pivotal as the Battle of Arnhem and as disastrous in terms of Airborne losses but rather more successful: the Paras’ sacrifice delayed the Japanese long enough for Field Marshall Slim to consolidate his defences at Imphal and Kohima. After WW2, Sanderson served as a military intelligence officer across Europe as the Cold War unfolded, in Paris, in Sofia and in other places, including Turkey. Doubt has been cast on this by one reviewer––a writer who once alleged that Nelson Mandela was an MI6 agent––but John Sanderson’s military intelligence movement orders indicate that he was, at the very least, attached to MI6, which amounts to the same thing. There are some amusing yet sobering anecdotes relating to large-scale NATO exercises in the 1980s that serve to show how close we sometimes came to seeing the Cold War degenerate into a shooting war because of local misunderstandings and British paratroopers behaving badly but not as badly as the Russian special forces they were playing would have behaved. Sanderson’s use of his father’s personal recollections and letters, with evocative diary extracts, letters and aerograms from other family members as well as external sources, brings this historical vista to life and makes for a very good read indeed.Prosper Keating: Former Parachute Regiment Soldier
As featured inCumbria Family History Society
What sets this narrative apart from plenty of other spy stories, is that Sanderson was in the middle of the major political events of the 20th century, making this both engaging on a personal level and interesting on a global one.The Armourer, September 2019
This most interesting book allows a peek into the complex world of military intelligence and its shifting interfaces with British civilian intelligence, diplomacy and international affairs over the latter half of the 20th century. It draws on family archives, letters and photographs and the Colonel’s life is woven into the changing dynamics of world events starting in 1920s India, service in the Second World War in a number of theatres before specialising in military intelligence and diplomacy in a wide variety of postings many of which were behind the Iron Curtain in the coldest days of that struggle... Lt Col Sanderson died in December 2001 and this book has been finished by his son. It is a wonderful paean to a father who lived a most eventful and influential life for 80 years during enormous upheavals in global affairs.Army Rumour Service (ARRSE)
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The book has an impressive bibliography, sources and notes together with a comprehensive index. There are in all 33 chapters written by Myles based on his father’s archives, letters and verbal accounts. As a regular soldier and intelligence officer he has an impressive career aided by being fluent in four languages. From the biography of John B. Sanderson, written here, we learn more about the Berlin Airlift, the Cuban Missile crisis, the Suez invasion and the fall of the Berlin Wall. Kim Philby features as the treacherous mole inside British intelligence and how the recruits of émigrés to work secretly behind the Iron Curtain, organised by Sanderson, were betrayed by Philby. George Blake is said to have betrayed 500-600 British Agents to the KGB and knew that the KGB or Stasi would summarily execute most of them. The author says for over three decades John Sanderson worked for the British Secret Service, with his last mission being as exciting as his first – sent into Sarajevo with a SAS team at the height of the Balkan War. He certainly played a small part in bringing peace to Bosnia and the Balkans, a region he had first known in 1949. As a result of this his last secret action, unrecognised officially, he probably saved many lives.Duncan Harrington
Most of us will find the detail of the secret world of MI4, MI6 and the secret service highly intriguing and I hope that a read of this book will open up some of the behind the scenes actions to various political topics.
Authoritative accounts of the intelligence world through the Cold War are very rare, making this autobiographical account all the more important and valuable. The author, together with his son's efforts to edit and present the story, has provided a senior insider's account of a part of history shrouded in darkness. - Strongly RecommendedFiretrench
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I found myself engrossed in Myles Sanderson’s book to the extent that I have read it through from cover to cover. I found it an interesting AND pleasurable read. The author has managed to turn the great variety of sources into a coherent whole. But the jewels in the crown are to be found in the original material from family, friends and colleagues.The letters, articles and diary entries humanise this covert world.Martin C. (Lecturer in French Literature.)
A great book. I loved it. Having seen and lived « on the other side » and dreaming of freedom day in and day out during the cold war I found new and fascinating angles to many of the most famous once secret episodes of the second half of the 20th century. Great inside looks to the spy stories from Kim Philby to Oleg Gordievsky. It gives both a background to understand what goes on in the « big game » as well as a more intimate look from an insider. The personal stories and letters to the family describing everyday life give a real feel of the era and a human touch to the thriller part of the book. Thank you, John Sanderson. For the book and for your extraordinary work from the battlefields of Burma in the 2nd World War to helping to bring down the iron curtain in the cold war to Bosnia in the 1990s. A true testimony of courage and a life dedicated to his country and the cause of freedom. Five stars.Amazon Customer
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The author the son of the subject of this book, has accomplished a first-rate job in rescuing his father’s extraordinary eventful life from obscurity and setting the man and his achievements in the context of his time.Robert Bartlett
Obscurity and anonymity is normally assured following a life of action and great interest when working for the Secret Intelligence Service or MI6. This is therefore an unusual account of the experiences of a soldier who post war becomes involved in secret work with SIS working under the cover of military attaché. The milieu within which Sanderson operated as a member of the embassy staff is covered in some depth, encompassing post war threats with ever increasing dangers, evolving into the Cold War.
Much of the source material for the book came from two well travelled and battered metal trunks found in John Sanderson’s shed after his death. There were many photographs, letters and documents covering his military, personal and diplomatic life allowing a full history of events he witnessed to be told. These time capsules were only noticed and opened after his death. Not surprisingly there are many gaps and silences simply because the world of the SIS was by definition “secret”.
The work has been enhanced by the assiduousness of the Sanderson family in communicating their thoughts so clearly in letters to each other throughout the Second World War and the Cold War a source well used in the book.
As interviewed byBBC Radio Oxford with presenter Kat Orman, 28th January 2019
As featured inThe Bookseller 17/8/18