Women at War in the Classical World (Hardback)
Paul Chrystal has written the first full length study of women and warfare in the Graeco Roman world. Although the conduct of war was generally monopolized by men, there were plenty of exceptions with women directly involved in its direction and even as combatants, Artemisia, Olympias, Cleopatra and Agrippina the Elder being famous examples. And both Greeks and Romans encountered women among their ‘barbarian’ enemies, such as Tomyris, Boudicca and Zenobia.
More commonly, of course, women were directly affected by war as non-combatant victims, of rape and enslavement as spoils of war and this makes up an important strand of the author’s discussion. The portrayal of female warriors and goddesses in classical mythology and literature, and the use of war to justify gender roles and hierarchies, are also considered. Overall it is a landmark survey of how war in the Classical world affected and was affected by women.
Author article as featured in, on the roles played by women in war across the ancient Greek and Roman worlds - some wielded weapons and led armies; others were a catalyst for conflictMinerva, September/October 2016
As featured inThe York Press
As featured on...Classics For All
Many readers may only see women at war as those who played a critical role in two World Wars. This view may be coloured by the Christian and Norman attitude to women as second class citizens but, even then, women were at least victims of war and a very small number were more actively involved as monarchs and,Firetrench
occasionally, as fighters. In the ancient world, women were more closely involved, but not on the scale of those who served during
two world wars. – Highly Recommended.
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Who is this book ideal for? Well, first of all, those interested in the history of women in antiquity and/or warfare. Secondly, I would argue this is also perfect for those who have a general interest in the ancient world; the book looks at the subject through the lenses of women in theatre, mythology and factual history; providing the reader with access to several aspects of female Roman history.Know the Romans
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Chrystal’s book demonstrates clearly the true extent of that involvement in a work remarkable for both its comprehensive treatment and depth of scholarship. The fact that the study extends to nineteen chapters, and the range of his bibliography in terms of both ancient testimonies and modern studies are immediate testimony to this.Stanley Ireland, Department of Classics & Ancient History, University of Warwick
A work of considerable scholarship and insight, one that anyone with an interest in ancient warfare will not be able to ignore.
Rome Rules the Waves (Hardback)
The commonly-held view of Rome's naval history is that it essentially ended with the defeat of Antony and Cleopatra's fleet at Actium in 31 BC, which left Rome with no rivals at sea just as the Republican period gave to the Empire. There were no more big naval battles so, this view would have it, Rome's navy was scarcely needed and its role was of little significance to the strategy of the Empire. James J Bloom rams this point of view below the waterline in his reappraisal of the crucial role of the Roman imperial navy. The author (following the line of preeminent naval theoreticians, Alfred Mahan…By James J Bloom
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