Bader’s Big Wing Controversy (ePub)
Group Captain Sir Douglas Bader remains one of the most famous RAF fighter pilots to date, perhaps even the most famous of all, thanks to Paul Brickhill’s best-selling 1950s yarn Reach for the Sky and Dany Angel’s box office hit of the same name, starring Kenneth Moore.
Bader, a graduate of the RAF College Cranwell and a professional, career officer, was a gifted sportsman and aerobatic pilot – but headstrong. After a crash that led to the amputation of both of his legs, the Second World War was this man of action’s salvation: passing a flying test, he returned to the RAF, first flying Spitfires with 19 Squadron at Duxford. In due course he was posted to 222 Squadron as a flight commander, seeing action over Dunkirk.
Already newsworthy, the swashbuckling, legless, fighter pilot was also a favourite of his Station Commander, Wing Commander A.B. ‘Woody’ Woodhall, and, more importantly, his 12 Group Air Officer Commanding, Air Vice-Marshal Leigh-Mallory. In short order, therefore, Bader was soon elevated to Acting Squadron Leader and given command of 242 Squadron, a Canadian Hurricane squadron which he led throughout the Battle of Britain.
On 30 August 1940, 12 Group was requested to reinforce 11 Group and intercept a raid on an aircraft factory at Hatfield. This was Bader and 242 Squadron’s first experience of a mass German raid, and many combat claims were subsequently filed. The events that day led Bader to submit a report arguing that the more fighters he had at his disposal, the greater would be the execution of the enemy that could be achieved. It was a concept that received support from Leigh-Mallory, who recognised an opportunity for 12 Group to play a greater part in what was clearly an historic battle. Leigh-Mallory authorised Bader to lead three, then five, squadrons – a controversial formation that came to be known as the ‘Duxford Wing’ or ‘Big Wing’.
In Bader’s Big Wing Controversy, Dilip Sarkar not only explores the full story of the people and events that led to the creation of the ‘Big Wing’ at Duxford, he also fully investigates the part that its men and machines played in the Battle of Britain story. Whilst Bader was not personally intending disloyalty, as such, to his Air Officer Commander-in-Chief, Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding, he was, as the latter once commented, ‘the cause of a lot of the trouble’. In his burning desire to propel 242 Squadron and himself, its leader, into the forefront of the action, the newsworthy acting squadron leader found himself used by darker forces, men with axes to grind and personal ambitions to further.
Rating: 5 out of 5 starsNetGalley, Dawn Lewis
My dad introduced me to Douglas Bader through the film "Reach for the Sky" when I was very young (it was also the last film I ever watched with him), and I've never lost my admiration. Really, anyone who has watched the film should read this book as it gives a far more rounded picture of who Bader was and the events surrounding him. I'm sure my dad would have loved this book too - and he would have thoroughly enjoyed the photos, as I did. Brilliantly written, informative, and a darn good read!
The way this book was written allowed the book to flow so easily. I particular like the air battle scenes, getting a timeline of the events and then a round up at the end summarizing the losses and damages of the battles. I also found that even though this book was written about a controversy, I never got the sense that the author was one on side, the writing felt very neutral. It was also good seeing some opinions on the Big Wing at the end and getting contrasting views.NetGalley, Becky Cornell-Webb
Dilip managed to make Bader's personality really shine through in this book and you could clearly see why so many people were willing to follow him wherever he goes and how unfortunately some took advantage of this. You come out of this book feeling proud that the men fighting in our skies were on our side during the Battle of Britain and more educated on matters that you weren't aware happened during WW2.
As Dilip Sarkar says in his introduction, Douglas Bader became a household name and probably the most famous RAF pilot of WW2 through the Paul Brickhill biography Reach for the Sky, later made into a film with Kenneth More playing the lead role. Their portrayal of a determined, competitive individual who sought to excel at everything he ventured combined with an engaging personality and boundless enthusiasm is truly what heroes are made from. That is what makes this book a fascinating challenge for Sarkar, to piece together a compelling argument that Bader’s most notable contribution to the Battle of Britain (the concept of attack through multi squadron “big wings”) was not as successful as was claimed at the time. This he achieves with great skill compiling a forensic level of detail citing Air Ministry and Luftwaffe records, primary source documents and recorded interviews with some of the main actors. It becomes a compelling story covering, in detail, the plan of Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding to defend the UK under attack from German bombers and Fighters in 1940. There is plenty of detail for the true WW2 fans on how this defense plan worked in action on a day-to-day basis. However, the real intrigue in the book is the background clash of personalities in the RAF Leadership eventually leading to a shameful outcome where the true heroes responsible for victory in the Battle of Britain are banished to the sidelines as others bask in the glory.NetGalley, Michael Neill